A Canadian Wildlife Conservation Timeline

1885

Banff National Park

Canada's first national park is established in Alberta, primarily for tourism and resource extraction.

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1911

Parks Canada

The world's first national park service is created. Originally named the Dominion Parks Branch, it would later be renamed to Parks Canada.

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1916

Migratory Birds

The Migratory Birds Convention Act is passed with regulations to protect migratory birds, their eggs, and their nests from hunting, trafficking and commercialization.

1930

National Parks Act

Mining and drilling are banned within national park lands, launching a further shift in preservationist ideas.

1970

Natural Habitats

The National Parks System Plan is conceived with an aim to protect an untouched sample of each of Canada's 39 natural spaces.

1979

Ecological Integrity

Recreational development within protected lands is banned, beginning the transformation of Canada's national parks into the focused nature conservation lands that exist today.

1988

Further Conservation

Regulations are expanded to further formalize the principle of ecological integrity within Canada's national parks.

1994

MBCA Amendmendts

The Migratory Birds regulations are amended to increase penalties and bring it in line with the Canada Wildlife Act.

2002

Species at Risk Act

The SARA is enacted to protect endangered or threatened organisms and their habitats. It also manages species which are not yet threatened, but whose existence or habitat is in jeopardy.

2018

Wildlife Endangerment

As of 2018, a total of 502 species of animals were considered 'At Risk' or endangered within Canada. Efforts continue to preserve these threatened animals and their habitats.